Generally, contracts for sale and purchase of goods and service contract shall be expressed in verbal or written form or established with specific acts. For types of contract which must be made in writing provided by law, such contract must comply with such form regulation. Particularly, contract for international purchase and sale of goods shall be conducted on the basis of written contracts or other forms of equal legal validity.
There are two cases of non-compliance with form: (i) form of contract is not in accordance with the law and; (ii) contract violates against regulations on notarizing or authorization. It should be noted that the form of contract shall be the conditions for its effectiveness in cases where it is provided by law. The time limit of requiring the court to declare a contract of non-compliance with form invalid is 02 years, from the establishment date of contract. After such time limit, if there is still no request for declaring contract invalid, such contract still remains valid.
When the contract is invalid, the general rule is restoring everything to its original state and returning to each other what have received. The non-compliance with form contract could be valid de facto contract if recognized by the Court’s decision when one party or the parties has fulfill at least two third of the obligation contract. Obligations means work whereby one or more entities must transfer objects, rights, pay money or provide valuable papers, perform or not perform certain work for the interests of one or more other entities. However, one party or the parties fulfilling at least two third of the obligation contract will not naturally make such contract valid unless there is decision of the the Court to recognize such. Specifically, according to request of one party, after fully considering conditions mentioned above, the Court shall make a decision on recognizing the validity of such contract.
It is important for parties to have a proper contract with terms and conditions that provide sufficient details with consideration of the nature of the business transactions and the possible resolution when potential disputes arise. Further, the law governing the contract and the dispute resolution clause which refers to court or arbitration choice should be as clear as possible to avoid confusion and extended time resolving the arisen disputes.