In Vietnam, like other countries companies seeking to build an office building or industrial facility work with the contractor through a construction contract.
There are several types of construction contract used in the construction industry depending on the level of control from parties involved in terms of investment, responsibilities and duration.
Fixed price is a type of construction contract that offer a total fixed priced for all construction related activities. This contract type could include incentives or benefits for early termination, or can also have penalties, called liquidated damages, for a late termination. This contract type is preferred when a clear scope and a defined schedule has been reviewed and agreed upon.
Cost plus contract is a type of construction contract involves payment of the actual costs, purchases or other expenses generated directly from the construction activity. This type of contract must contain specific information about certain pre-negotiated amount (some percentage of the material and labor cost) covering contractor’s overhead and profit. Costs must be detailed and should be classified as direct or indirect costs.
Time and material contract is usually preferred if the project scope is not clear, or has not been defined. The owner and the contractor must establish an agreed hourly or daily rate, including additional expenses that could arise in the construction process. The costs must be classified as: direct, indirect, mark-up, and overhead. Sometimes the owner might want to establish a cap or specific project duration to the contractor that must be met, in order to have the owner’s risk minimized.